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What is snoring?
Snoring is the harsh or hoarse sound you make when air flows past relaxed tissues in your throat causing the tissues to strike each other and vibrate while breathing. Snoring occurs while you are sleep and more frequently among men, older people and people who are overweight.
Therefore, changing lifestyles, such as losing weight through the best supplement for weight loss, may help stop snoring.
Although snoring is a common condition, for some people it can be a chronic problem which indicates a serious health condition causing constant awakenings at night and daytime sleepiness. Moreover, it may be a disturbance for your bed partner.
What causes snoring?
There are six main causes for snoring which are related to temporary and structural factors.
Obesity and Pregnancy
Extra tissue in the throat can vibrate as you breathe in air in your sleep, causing you to snore. People who are obese or pregnant often have extra bulky throat tissue which may vibrate in air in their sleep, causing them to snore.
Extra throat tissue, enlarged tonsils, large adenoids, long soft palate or long uvula are the genetic factors that cause snoring.
Allergies and certain nasal & throat conditions
Anything that prevents you from breathing through your nose including a nasty cold, seasonal allergies or deformities of the nose such as a deviated septum, enlarged tonsils or adenoids nasal polyps can cause you to snore.
As you reach middle age and beyond, your throat becomes narrower, and the muscle tone in your throat decreases. Changing lifestyle and bedtime routines can help to prevent snoring.
Sleeping flat on your back causes the flesh of your throat to relax and block the airway which results in snoring. Changing the sleep position can help. In order to reduce the likelihood of snoring, you can try to sleep on your side or belly.
Snoring occurs when your throat or tongue muscles are relaxed. Substances that can relax these muscles may cause you to snore. Alcohol is a strong muscle relaxant, causing the areas around your throat and airway to slacken during sleep, resulting in vibration when you breathe.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
But most importantly, snoring can be associated with a sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
This condition can pose serious risks to your partner’s health if it is accompanied by chest pain at night, high blood pressure, choking at night, morning headaches, sore throat upon awakening and breathing pauses during sleep.
People with obstructive sleep apnea usually experience periods when breathing slows or stops at least five times during every hour of sleep.
How to treat snoring?
Snorers are generally unaware of their snoring, and must rely on the observations of their bed-partners. The habitual snorers not only disrupt the sleep patterns of those close to them, but they also ruin their own sleep quality.
If you have been told that your snoring is disturbing to others, consult with your specialist to have a test in order to determine if you have sleep apnea or suffer from other related causes.
Depending on the results of the sleep study, you will be presented with a series of options to treat snoring. These will generally include:
- Losing weight
- Avoiding alcohol close to bedtime
- Treating structural nasal problems
- Avoiding taking sedatives before bed
- Avoiding sleeping on your back
- Using nasal strips or an external nasal dilator
For snoring accompanied by OSA, your doctor may suggest:
- Oral appliances.These are the dental mouthpieces that keep the air passage through your mouth open by helping advance the position of your jaw, tongue and soft palate.
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).This approach involves wearing a mask over your nose or mouth while you sleep. The mask directs pressurized air from a small bedside pump to your airway to keep it open during sleep.
- Upper airway surgery.To be performed on the back of the throat and roof of the mouth, or the nose if applicable, using a variety of instruments including scalpel, laser, or microwaves.
Dayonix Pharma/ April, 2019